Civil Law in India
As the name suggests, Civil Law comprises of set of rules and regulations which helps in resolving disputes which are non-criminal in nature. The law in India is primarily governed by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC) which is a procedural law pertaining to administration of civil proceedings in India.
The CPC enumerates the procedures pertaining to filing of suits, written statements, filing of documents, evidences, summons etc. Apart from this the civil law in India is governed by numerous Acts and Rules which deal with specific commercial transactions. For instance, the Indian Contract Act, the Trademark Act, Real Estate Regulation Act etc.
Thus, it is an embodiment of Acts and Rules which deal with day-to-day transactions of civil and commercial nature. The civil remedies constitutes of payment of damages and compensation and not infliction of punishment or penalty for the wrong done. Many a times, an offence has both civil as well as criminal remedy.
The law in general comprises of remedies under the following Acts whose remedies comprise payment of damages and compensation and does not ensue any criminal implication:
- Contract Law
- Matrimonial Laws
- Property Law
- Family Laws
- Company Law
- Intellectual Property Law
- Real Estate Law etc.
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