The High Court are the highest courts at the States and Union Territories level. It works under the direct guidance and supervision of the Supreme Court of India. The High Court is bound by the judgements and orders of the Supreme Court of India by precedence. There are 24 High Courts in different states of India. Additionally, the High Courts have different division benches in different parts of the respective states for speedier cheaper and effective dispensing of justice.
Principally, the High Court also enjoy the appellate jurisdiction (Article 225), correspondingly High Courts at Calcutta, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai also enjoy original jurisdiction (Article 225). In case of violation of Fundamental Rights and ‘for any other purpose’ found in Article 226, an aggrieved party can approach the High Court by filing a Writ Petition.
The High Courts in India are treated as the Court of Record as they have the power to pronounce punishment for contempt of court.