As the name suggests, Civil Law is a set of rules and regulations which helps in resolving disputes which are non-criminal in nature. Civil law is primarily governed by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC) which is a procedural law pertaining to administration of civil proceedings in India. The CPC enumerates the procedures pertaining to filing of suits, written statements, filing of documents, evidences, summons etc. Apart from this the civil law in India is governed by numerous Acts and Rules which deal with specific civil and commercial transactions. For instance, the Indian Contract Act, the Trademark Act, Real Estate Regulation Act etc.
The Civil Law is thus an embodiment of essential laws which deal with day-to-day transactions of civil and commercial nature. Civil law remedies constitutes of payment of damages and compensation and not infliction of punishment or penalty for the wrong done. Many a times, an offence has both civil as well as criminal remedy.