GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS IN INDIA
The geographical indication is primarily an agricultural, natural or manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a definite geographical territory. Some examples are Darjeeling Tea, Chanderi Saree, Champagne wine and Kanjeewaram silk.
Consequent upon India joining as a member state of TRIPS Agreement sui-generis legislation for the protection of geographical indication was enacted in 1999. The object of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 is three fold, firstly by specific law governing the geographical indication of goods in the country which could adequately protect the interest of producers of such goods, secondly, to exclude unauthorized persons from misusing geographical indications and to protect consumers from deception and thirdly, to promote goods bearing Indian geographical indications in the export market.