Information technology (IT) is the new age methodology of using computers and the internet to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. IT is considered a subset of Information and Communications Technology (ICT).
The 21st century saw a technological revolution which enthralled not only India but the entire world. The use of computers is not limited to established institutions or organizations, but available to every individual at the swipe of a finger. Information technology has eased out almost every humanized action. The unparalleled use of internet in our day-to day lives also led to commencement of misuse of internet like data theft, illegal personation, interference with privacy, cybercrimes, etc., which necessitated the introduction of an Act which protected internet users and the public from the misuse of technology.
Information Technology Act, 2000
The Information Technology Act, 2000 (“IT Act”) was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and was notified on October 17, 2000. It was further amended by the Information Technology Bill, 2006 to incorporate provisions that would strengthen the law to prevent data interception and prevent cyber- crimes. Information Technology Act, 2000 has been enacted with the object of providing legal recognition for transactions carried out by means of electronic data interchange and other means of electronic communication, commonly referred to as electronic commerce. The IT Act further aims at facilitating electronic filings of documents with the Government agencies.