Communication is the process by which exchange of information by various methods occur, whereas media is a medium or instrument of the storage or communication information. Hence, both these topics are closely linked. Media and Communication systems vary from nation to nation depending upon a nation’s politics, religion and culture. In India, a country with a parliamentary democracy, there exists ample amount of laws that dictate media and communication. An array of laws and legal terms are associated with the media and communication sector such as:
Copyright Law: This deals with the exclusivity of the information and the rights of a person who owns such information to communicate it, reproduce it, license it etc.
Telecommunication Laws: The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) set up under the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997, is the regulatory authority that takes cognizance of telecommunication regulatory matters. Further the Information Technology Act, 2000 has indirect reach in the telecommunication sector, for example, for telecom and internet related issues. The Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995 acts as a regulatory legislation for cable television broadcasting.
Censorship: Central Board of Film Certification is the foremost body that censors content in a movie which is deemed to have elements not tolerable and acceptable by the Indian Society. Their role is to certify every cinematographic film being broadcasted and/or circulated in Indian Territory.
These laws are the very few in a vast directory of laws that govern the media and communication sector. A few more examples of the same are, Indian Press Act; Vernacular Press Act; Constitutional Provisions regarding Press Freedom and Freedom of Speech; Official Secrets Act; Press and Registration of Books Act; Delivery of Books and Newspapers Act Copyright Act; Press Council of India Act.
All these legislations and provisions govern and regulate the functioning of this sector and maintains the standard of content and its suitability for the Indian population.